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There are misconceptions about diabetes that make it difficult 

for people to believe some of the hard facts – diabetes is a 

serious disease. The body breaks down the food you eat  

into a simple sugar called glucose, which it uses for energy.  

Insulin is a hormone the body needs to get glucose from the 

bloodstream into the cells of the body. Not having enough or 

not any insulin leads to diabetes. When sugar (glucose) builds 

up in the blood it can lead to serious medical problems.

MYTH:  Diabetes is not that serious of a disease.

FACT:  Having diabetes nearly doubles your chance of heart  

attack, kidney failure, and nerve damage. The good news 

is with control your risks for diabetic complications can be 

greatly reduced. 

MYTH:  Diabetics should eat special diabetic foods.

FACT:  It is the same as a healthy diet for anyone – low in 

saturated/trans fat, moderate salt/sugar, lean protein, non-

starchy vegetables, whole grains, and healthy fats/fruit. Some 

‘diabetic/diet’ foods still raise glucose levels and are usually 

more expensive.

MYTH:  People with diabetes can’t eat sweets or chocolate.

FACT:  If eaten as part of a healthy meal plan, or combined 

with exercise, sweets and desserts can be eaten. The key to 

sweets is to have a 

very small portion and save them for special occasions so 

you focus your meal on more healthful foods.

Myth:  Fruit is healthy. You can eat as much as you wish.

FACT:  Fruit is healthy. It contains fiber and lots of vitamins 

and minerals, but also carbohydrates that convert to glucose. 

Everything in moderation!

Myth:  If you have diabetes, you have to inject yourself 

with insulin.

FACT:  When first diagnosed, many people can keep their 

glucose at a healthy level with oral medications. Over time 

the body gradually produces less of its own insulin, and 

eventually oral medications may not be enough to keep 

glucose levels normal.
If you have diabetes or are concerned you may have it, call 

your doctor to discuss how to live a healthier life today!

Doc 411 on:  Diabetes - Mythbusters

by Yolanda Ajala M.D.

Dr. Yolanda Ajala is board certified in internal 

medicine and has been practicing in Houston and 

the surrounding area since 2007. She believes an 

informed mind leads to a healthy body. For more 

information go to  

or call 832-409-1677.


1 in 4 people with Diabetes 

don’t know they have it.  

                            ~ The CDC